Demographic shifts and improvements in life expectancy have given rise to senior living options that far exceed in number and variety of those of previous decades.
Independent Living Communities (IL) characterized by apartment-style buildings, and sometimes cottages, offer a variety of services and activities for seniors who must be able to live independently. Residents pay monthly rent, which covers housekeeping, utilities, laundry, 24-hour staffing, and various meal plans.
Assisted Living Communities (AL) allow residents to live independently with some assistance with daily living activities, including: bathing, dressing, grooming, housekeeping, and medication monitoring. Meals are provided in a common dining room. Amenities may include libraries, salons, spas, pools, and game rooms.
Residential Care Facilities for the Elderly (RCFEs) are group homes, also referred to as residential assisted living or board and care homes. They are licensed generally for six to twelve residents.
Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRC) offer independent older adults the ability to live on the same campus transitioning from independent living, to assisted, to skilled nursing receiving care for the rest of their lives. Residents make a significant upfront investment for the “life care” contract, plus monthly rent.
Skilled Nursing Communities are also known as “rest homes” or “nursing homes.” Unable to live independently, residents need more medical assistance than assisted living communities provide. Skilled communities offer 24-hour nursing care, assistance with bathing, feeding, grooming, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and other vital services.
Memory Care Communities may be stand-alone communities or may be secured areas within assisted living or skilled nursing communities, or CCRC’S. Memory care communities are designed for patients with dementia with some communities specializing in Alzheimer’s care.